- b-lactoglobulin binds retinol (vitamin A) and promotes uptake
of retinol via gut; by a similar mechanism it may also facilitate the
uptake of long-chain fatty acids
- a-lactoalbumin kills tumour cells (in vitro) and exerts
anti-bacterial effects in the upper respiratory systems; it has also
been shown to have protective effects on gastric mucosa.
inhibit the growth of various bacteria and regulates immunological
response of immunocomponent cells
- serum albumin binds and carries fatty acids and bile pigment
- immuno-globulin G involves with bactericidal (anti-bacterial)
effects with complements and prevents bacteria from adhering to
tissues; neutralizes toxins and viruses
- immuno-globulin A inhibits growth of various bacteria by
condensing them; prevents bacteria from adhering to the surface of
mucosa; neutralizes toxins produced by viruses and bacteria.
- immuno-globulin M has the same effects as IgG, but its bioactivity is stronger
- lactoperoxidase catalyzes the reaction of producing cyanogen
ion with strong bactericidal power from cyanic ion and hydrogen peroxide
in the body
- lysozyme kills bacteria by destroying cell walls
- de Moura, Carolina Soares, et al. "Whey protein hydrolysate enhances
the exercise-induced heat shock protein (HSP70) response in rats." Food
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plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and
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- Havea, Palatasa, Harjinder Singh, and Lawrence K. Creamer.
"Characterization of heat-induced aggregates of β-lactoglobulin,
α-lactalbumin and bovine serum albumin in a whey protein concentrate
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virus infection in cultured human hepatocytes." Biochemical and
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- Markus, C. Rob, Berend Olivier, and Edward HF de Haan. "Whey protein
rich in α-lactalbumin increases the ratio of plasma tryptophan to the
sum of the other large neutral amino acids and improves cognitive
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proteins on blood pressure, vascular function, and inflammatory markers
in overweight individuals." Obesity 18.7 (2010a): 1354-1359.
- Pal, Sebely, Vanessa Ellis, and Satvinder Dhaliwal. "Effects of whey
protein isolate on body composition, lipids, insulin and glucose in
overweight and obese individuals." British journal of nutrition 104.05
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protein isolate on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight,
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(TNFalpha) and natural killer cell (NK) function using an integrative
approach in late stage cancers." Immunol Invest 21 (2002):137-153.
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- Tsutsumi, R., and Y. M. Tsutsumi. "Peptides and proteins in whey and
their benefits for human health." Austin J Nutri Food Sci 1.1 (2014):
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Why is whey protein so appropriate to ↗ post-ex muscle synthesis? (EAA: Essential Amino Acids) http://t.co/8FWR5iEAKM pic.twitter.com/ykMtN8yQTN
— Yann Le Meur (@YLMSportScience) March 10, 2015