I haven’t tried this pre-workout yet, but I really like the formulation of this product.
The dosing of the ingredients is great. The women’s formula has some of the ingredients lowered which is understandable.
Below are the ingredients.
Citrulline is converted to arginine in the body. Taking citrulline increases nitric oxide levels better than taking arginine. Citrulline also removes ammonia from the body increasing endurance and delaying muscle fatigue.
According to Flex Magazine:
"Citrulline malate elevates muscle ATP by 35% during exercise and increases the rate of creatine phosphate resynthesis by 20%."
Take 3-6g of L-citrulline or citrulline malate 30-60 minutes before workouts
This amino acid enhances has been used by bodybuilders for sometime now for nitric oxide (NO) production.
It is thought to improve blood flow to exercising muscles. Increasing the delivery of nutrients, hormones, and oxygen to aid in recovery.
The typical NO boosting dosage is 3-5g of arginine three times per day. Besure to take one dose 30-40 minutes before exercise.
Ornithine is an amino acid that serves as a precursor to arginine, leucine and glutamine. Ornithine increases nitric oxide production, energy, muscle recovery, and growth. In addition it's ability to help the body manage ammonia it blunts fatigue and muscle breakdown. Ornithine also supports immune function and fat burning.
Ornithine is often combined with arginine to boost growth hormone.
Pulls fluid in the muscle expanding the tissue creating greater potential for growth. The second most abundant amino acid in muscle.
Betaine is an amino acid (also called trimethylglycine) derived from beets. It aids joint and liver repair and liver protection.
Recent studies show that it boosts strength and power, increases growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels.
Betaine also increases the body's own production of creatine.
The recommended dosage 1,500-3,000mg with pre- and post-workout meals.
Agmatine is the by-product of the breakdown of the amino acid arginine. As with arginine, agmatine boosts nitric oxide (NO) levels. It also boosts the release of insulin an anabolic hormone that increases muscle growth and dilates blood vessels to further boost blood flow.
The suggested dosage is 500 - 1,000mg 30-60 minutes before workouts.
L-Tyrosine is a precursor to several key adrenal hormones, norepinephrine and epinephrine, as well as dopamine, a neurotransmitter.* By increasing dopamine, L-Tyrosine may increase focus and mental alertness and offset fatigue during exercise which makes a great tool in a pre workout product.*
Theanine has been shown in clinical research to work synergesticly with caffeine to boost brain function.
A stimulant and effective fat burner due to its ability to increase the release of fat from fat cells, caffeine has been shown to boost strength and power output when taken one hour before workouts.
For fat loss and weight management: 100-200mg between meals; mental acuity and focus: 50-200mg every couple of hours; strength and power: 200-400mg one hour before workouts
This derivative of the branched-chain amino acid valine has been shown to boost NO levels by more than 50% on its own. It works by inhibiting the enzyme arginase, which normally breaks down arginine in the body. Inhibition of this enzyme results in higher arginine levels, which can lead to higher NO levels.
Bioperine or Piperine is an active extract derived from black or long pepper.
It was developed to enhance nutrient absorption. Supplement companies typically add 5mg along with B6 to products to accomplish greater absorption increasing blood flow to the digestive tract.
Black Pepper is also one of the most available antioxidants. One teaspoon contains an ORAC value of 783.